The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe has given a Russia deadline of November 12, 2020 to pay a €10 million fine to Georgia for illegal deportation of Georgian citizens back in 2006, the Ministry of Justice of Georgia reported earlier today.
If Russia still refuses to pay the compensation per the verdict of the European Court of Human Rights in 2019, the council will adopt an interim resolution in December 2020 - the first step for the launching of procedures against Russia for shirking its responsibilities.
The two key levers the Committee of Ministers has to make the country meet its obligations are suspension of the country’s membership or its voting rights in the Council of Europe.
Russia regained its voting right to CoE only in June 2019, having lost it in 2014 following its annexation of the Crimea.
Russia, which earlier declined to pay its membership dues, agreed to pay them, as well as fines, amounting to €75 million before regaining the right.
More than 4,600 expulsion orders were issued by Russian authorities against Georgian nationals back in 2006.
On January 31, 2019 the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights announced its judgment in the case Georgia v. Russia regarding the arrest, detention and collective expulsion of Georgian nationals from Russia in the autumn of 2006.
The verdict said Russia had to pay Georgia €10,000,000 for non-pecuniary damage suffered by a group of at least 1,500 Georgian nationals.
As Russia did not pay the amount within the three-month term established by the court (by May 1, 2019), Georgian Justice Ministry demanded the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to hold debates regarding the issue.